The effectiveness of mindfulness application "SI-SIWATA (Sistem Informasi Sehat Jiwa dengan Cinta) to increase the spirituality of schizophrenia patients: Experimental study



Feri Agustriyani(1Mail), Meidiana Dwidiyanti(2), Titik Suerni(3),
(1) Universitas Diponegoro Semarang, Indonesia
(2) Universitas Diponegoro Semarang, Indonesia
(3) RSJD Dr. Amino Gondohutomo Semarang, Indonesia

Mail Corresponding Author


DOI : https://doi.org/10.30604/jika.v5i1.243

Full Text:    Language : En
Submitted : 2019-11-07
Published : 2020-04-12

Abstract


Spirituality is an important aspect in human life and individuals with schizophrenia are no exception, where the problem of spirituality in schizophrenia patients can be handled with spiritual mindfulness psychotherapy which is currently starting to be developed based on an android application. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of spiritual mindfulness interventions through the android application SI-SIWATA on the spirituality of schizophrenic patients. This research is a quasi-experimental study with a sampling technique using purposive sampling. The sample in this study was 46 schizophrenic patients divided into intervention and control groups. Spiritual mindfulness intervention was carried out six times and was carried out pre-test and post-test using the Daily Spiritual Experience Scale questionnaire and analyzed using paired sample t-test. Statistical test results show the p-value = 0,001 (less than 0.05) it means that there is an influence of spiritual mindfulness interventions on the spirituality of schizophrenic patients. An increase in patient spirituality was related to the emphasis on the mindfulness intervention stage, namely the muhasabah (introspection) stage and the independent healthy target stage so, the patient can consciously understand the conditions experienced, accept the treatment process and perform the independent healthy target in worship. Spirituality independence is very important in helping patients growing faith in Allah SWT when undergoing the treatment process.



Peningkatan spiritualitas  pasien skizofrenia dengan mindfulness melalui aplikasi SI-SIWATA (Sistem Informasi Sehat Jiwa Dengan Cinta)

Abstrak

Spiritualitas merupakan aspek penting dalam kehidupan manusia, tidak terkecuali individu dengan skizofrenia dimana masalah spiritualitas pasien skizofrenia dapat ditangan dengan psikoterapi mindfulness spiritual yang saat ini mulai dikembangkan dengan berbasis aplikasi android. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh intervensi mindfulness spiritual melalui aplikasi android SI-SIWATA terhadap spiritualitas pasien skizofrenia. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian quasi-eksperimental dengan tehnik pengambilan sampel menggunakan purposive sampling. Sampel pada penelitian ini berjumpal 46 pasien skizofrenia yang dibagi dalam kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol. Intervensi mindfulness spiritual dilakukan selama enam kali dan dilakuakn pre-test dan post-test menggunakan kuesioner Daily Spiritual Experience Scale dan dianalisis menggunakan paired sample t test. Hasil uji statistic menunjukan nilai p = 0,001 (kurang dari 0,05) artinya ada pengaruh intervensi mindfulness spiritual terhadap spiritualitas pasien skizofrenia.  Adanya peningkatan spiritualitas pasien berhubungan dengan penekanan tahapan intervensi mindfulness yaitu tahapan muhasabah dan tahap target sehat mandiri, sehingga pasien secara sadar mampu memahami kondisi yang dialami, menerima proses pengobatan dan melakukan target sehat mandiri dalam beribadah. Kemandirian spiritualitas sangat penting dalam membantu pasien menumbuhkan keyakinan kepada Allah SWT dalam menjalani proses perawatan.


Keywords


spiritualitas; skizofrenia; mindfulness; aplikasi android; Spirituality; Schizophrenia; Mindfulness; Android application; SI-SIWATA application

References


Ariyani, Siska dan mamnu’ah. (2014). Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Spiritualitas mempengaruhi Kualitas Hidup Pasien Skizofrenia. J keperawatan dan kebidanan. Available from: http://digilib.unisayogya.ac.id/id/eprint/2330

Dwidiyanti M et al. (2018). The Effect of Mindfulness Spiritual Islam” on the Medication Adherence of Patients with Psychiatric and Mental Health Disorder.Proceedings of the 2ndTechnological Competency as Caring in the Health Sciences 2018. A seminar and workshop offered by the Rozzano Locsin Institute, Tokusima university, Japan.

Dwidiyanti, M. et al. (2019). The Art of Mindfulness Spiritual Islam. 1st ed. Semarang: UNDIP Press.

van Emmerik, A.A.P., Berings, F. & Lancee, J. (2018). Efficacy of a mindfulness-based mobile application: a randomized waiting-list controlled trial. Mindfulness 9, 187–198. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-017-0761-7

Hawari D. (2014). Skizofrenia, Pendekatan Holistic (BPSSS) Bio-Psiko-Sosial-Spiritual. 3rd ed. Jakarta: FKUI.

Howells, A., Ivtzan, I. & Eiroa-Orosa, F.J. (2016). Putting the “ app ” in happiness : a randomized controlled trial of a smartphone-based mindfulness intervention to enhance wellbeing. Journal of Happiness Studies, 17, 163–185. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-014-9589-1

Mohr S, M.A.Pierre-Yves Brandt PD, Laurence Borras MD, Christiane Gilliéron PD, Philippe Huguelet MD. (2006). Toward an Integration of Spirituality and Religiousness Into the Psychosocial Dimension of Schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry 163(11), 1952-1959. https://doi.org/10.1176/ajp.2006.163.11.1952

Ningsih, H.E.(2018). Pengaruh terapi mindfulness melalui aplikasi android SI-BESUTA terhadap stress adjustment mahasiswa magister keperawatan. Diponegoro.Tesis (Tidak dipublikasikan)

Koutsouleris N, Meisenzahl EM, Davatzikos C, Bottlender R, Frodl T, Scheuerecker J, Schmitt G, Zetzsche T, Decker P, Reiser M, Möller HJ, Gaser C. (2009). Use of Neuroanatomical Pattern Classification to Identify Subjects in the At-Risk Mental States of Psychosis and Predict Disease Transition. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 66(7), 700-712. https://doi.org/10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2009.62. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19581561.

Kurniasari, C. I. (2019). Pengaruh intervensi mindfulness terhadap interaksi sosial pasien skizofrenia melalui aplikasi android SI-DESIS.Diponegoro. Tesis (Tidak dipublikasikan)

Sari, Sri Padma & Dwidiyanti M. ( 2014). Studi Kasus: Mindfulness Dengan Pendekatan Spiritual Pada Pasien Skizofrenia Dengan Resiko Perilaku Kekerasan. Proceeding Konferensi Nasional XI Keperawatan Kesehatan Jiwa IX: 290–295. http://eprints.undip.ac.id/44413/

Spijkerman MPJ, Pots WTM, Bohlmeijer ET. (2016). Effectiveness of online mindfulness-based interventions in improving mental health: A review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Clinical Psychology Review, 45, 102-114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2016.03.009

Sundeen&Sudart. (2007). Buku Saku Keperawatan Jiwa. Jakarta: EGC

Weinstein N, Brown KW, Ryan RM. (2009). A multi-method examination of the effects of mindfulness on stress attribution, coping, and emotional well-being. Journal of Research in Personality, 43(3), 374-385. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2008.12.008

Williams, H., Simmons, L. A., & Tanabe, P. (2015). Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction in Advanced Nursing Practice: A Nonpharmacologic Approach to Health Promotion, Chronic Disease Management, and Symptom Control. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 33(3), 247–259. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898010115569349


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 126 times
 Fulltext (Bahasa Indonesia) Downloaded : 32 times

Dimensions, PlumX, and Google Scholar Metrics

10.30604/jika.v5i1.243



Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.