The Effect of Clay Therapy: Increase Self Esteem Among Elderly

Triyana Harlia Putri(1*)
(1) University Of Tanjungpura
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.30604/jika.v6i2.441

Abstract

The Elderly who experiences adaptation of psychosocial changes can respond to maladaptive and have the potential to decrease self-esteem in the elderly. However, self-esteem in the elderly not been properly resolved. Low self-esteem might be psychologically reduced by clay therapy. There only have been very few studies conducted to examine clay therapy methods in elderly with low self-esteem in nursing homes. This study aims to determine the effect of clay therapy on self-esteem among the elderly. This study employed Quasi-Experimental Pre-Post Test With Control Group, Consecutive sampling technique was used to obtain 40 subjects, through clay therapy program during 8 weeks of 16 sessions and analyzed using t-paired and independent-sample t-test. The results of the study reported that participants in both groups were elderly (60-80 years), the control group was dominated by men, while women dominated the intervention group, and there were differences in the mean of significant differences between interventions. and the control group (p = 0.007) after clay therapy. There is a positive effect of clay therapy on reducing self-esteem in the elderly. The elderly can be given an example in the form of a picture to imitate the clay model that will be made, the role of therapy in facilitating and stimulating the elderly during the process is very important.



Abstrak: Lansia mengalami adaptasi perubahan psikososial sehingga berpotensi dalam respon maladaptif dan menurunkan harga diri pada lansia. Namun meskipun banyak studi yang telah dilakukan, harga diri pada lansia belum teratasi dengan baik. Harga diri yang rendah dapat dikurangi dengan bermain terapi tanah liat. Hanya ada sedikit penelitian yang dilakukan untuk meneliti metode terapi tanah liat pada lansia di panti jompo. Tujuan penelitian mengidentifikasi pengaruh terapi tanah liat terhadap harga diri lansia. Design studi menggunakan Quasi-Experimental Pre-Post Test With Control Group, teknik consecutive sampling digunakan untuk mendapatkan 40 subjek, melalui program clay therapy selama 8 minggu sebanyak 16 sesi dan dianalisis menggunakan t-paired dan independent-sample t-test. Studi ini melaporkan partisipan pada kedua kelompok adalah lansia (60-80 tahun), kelompok kontrol didominasi oleh laki-laki, sedangkan kelompok intervensi didominasi perempuan, dan terdapat perbedaan rerata perbedaan bermakna antar intervensi. dan kelompok kontrol (p = 0,007) setelah terapi tanah liat. Ada efek positif terapi tanah liat terhadap penurunan harga diri pada lansia. Lansia dapat diberikan contoh berupa gambar untuk mencontoh model clay yang akan dibuat, peran terapi dalam memfasilatsi dan menstimulasi lansia selam proses sangat penting.

Keywords


keperawatan; Lansia; Clay Therapy; Harga diri; self-esteem

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