Infeksi Sars-Cov-2 Pada Kehamilan dan Persalinan: Studi Literatur

Elsa Fitri Ana(1*), Ade Tyas Mayasari(2), Komalasari Komalasari(3), Hikmah Ifayanti(4), Diani Arif Wahyudi(5), Wisnu Probo Wijayanto(6)
(1) Fakultas Kesehatan, Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu
(2) Fakultas Kesehatan, Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu
(3) Fakultas Kesehatan, Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu
(4) Fakultas Kesehatan, Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu
(5) Fakultas Kesehatan, Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu
(6) Fakultas Kesehatan, Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.30604/jika.v6iS1.785

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the clinical symptoms and complications of SARS-Cov-2 infection in pregnancy and childbirth. This study is a literature study that analyzes the results of a study containing clinical symptoms and complications of SARS-Cov-2 infection in pregnancy and childbirth in Asian patients. Articles were taken from several databases deemed relevant published in 2020.46 pregnant women with SARS-Cov-2 infection obtained from 5 case studies had the most complications, namely premature rupture of membrane (PROM) (10.87%), fetal distress (8.7%), preterm labor (19.57%), and preeclampsia (6.5%). The gestational age of all mothers at the time of infection was the third trimester (100%). 87% of mothers gave birth by way of a cesarean section. The most clinical symptom was fever (54.35%). Management of the prevention of transmission of SARS-Cov-2 infection in pregnant women is a matter that must be prioritized, this is done to avoid complications and transmission during childbirth and breastfeeding. Selection of the right method of delivery also needs to be considered in preventing mother-to-baby transmission during delivery.




Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis gejala klinik dan komplikasi infeksi SARS-Cov-2 pada kehamilan dan persalinan. Penelitian ini merupakan studi literatur yang menganalisis hasil penelitian yang berisi gejala klinik dan komplikasi infeksi SARS-Cov-2 pada kehamilan dan persalinan pada pasien di Asia. Artikel diambil dari beberapa database yang dianggap relevan yang dipublikasikan tahun 2020. 46 wanita hamil dengan infeksi SARS-Cov-2 yang diperoleh dari 5 studi kasus memiliki komplikasi paling banyak yaitu premature rupture of membrane (PROM) (10,87%), fetal distress (8,7%), partus preterm (19,57%), dan prekelampsia (6,5%). Usia kehamilan seluruh ibu pada saat terinfeksi adalah trimester III (100%). 87% ibu melahirkan dengan cara section cesaria. Gejala klinik yang paling banyak adalah demam (54,35%). Manajemen pencegahan penularan infeksi SARS-Cov-2 pada ibu hamil merupakan hal yang harus diprioritaskan, hal ini dilakukan untuk menghindari komplikasi dan transmisi saat bersalin dan menyusui. Pemilihan metode persalinan yang tepat juga perlu dipertimbangkan dalam pencegahan transmisi ibu ke bayi saat bersalin.

Keywords


SARS-Cov-2 infection; Complications; Clinical symptoms; Pregnancy; Childbirth; Infeksi SARS-Cov-2; Komplikasi; Gejala klinik; Kehamilan; Persalinan

References


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Copyright (c) 2021 Elsa Fitri Ana, Ade Tyas Mayasari, Komalasari Komalasari, Hikmah Ifayanti, Diani Arif Wahyudi, Wisnu Probo Wijayanto

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