Dual Extracts of Star Fruit Leaves and Toddalia accuelata Leaves as Antiobesity in Rats

Isti Sundari(1*), Dono Indarto(2), Paramasari Dirgahayu(3)
(1) Universitas Sebelas Maret
(2) Universitas Sebelas Maret
(3) Universitas Sebelas Maret
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.30604/jika.v7i1.787


The imbalance between food intake and energy expenditure can lead to obesity. Obesity is a major risk factor for chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and can cause premature death worldwide. This study is aimed to investigate the effect of Star Fruit Leaves Extract (SLE) and T. accumulate Leaves Extract (TLE) combination on Body Weight (BW), Body Mass Index (BMI), and Fat Content (FC) of obese rats. Male Wistar rats aged 5 weeks, with BW of 100-150 g were induced with a High Fat Diet (HFD) and 10% fructose solution for 30 days. A total of 18 rats were randomly divided into 3 groups, namely Negative Control (NC), Therapy (T), and Normal (N). After 35 days of treatment compared to the NC group, the mean BW of the T group was significantly lower (p=0.014) and the mean decrease was significantly higher (p less than 0.001).  Similarly, the mean BMI and FC of the T group were significantly lower and the decrease in the mean of both groups was significantly higher than that of the NC group (p less than 0.001). Therefore, the combination of SLE and TLE can be used as a treatment for obesity because it reduces BW, BMI, and FC better than only a low-calorie diet.

Abstrak: Ketidakseimbangan antara asupan makanan dan pengeluaran energi dapat menyebabkan obesitas. Obesitas merupakan faktor risiko utama terjadinya penyakit kronis seperti penyakit kardiovaskular dan dapat menyebabkan kematian dini di seluruh dunia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh kombinasi Ekstrak Daun Belimbing (EDB)dan Ekstrak Daun T. accuelata (EDT) terhadap Berat Badan (BB), Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT), dan kandungan lemak tikus obesitas. Tikus wistar jantan umur 5 minggu, BB 100-150 g diinduksi dengan pakan tinggi lemak dan larutan fruktosa 10% selama 30 hari. Sebanyak 18 ekor tikus dibagi secara acak menjadi 3 kelompok yaitu Kontrol Negatif (KN), Terapi (T), dan Normal (N). Setelah 35 hari perlakuan dibandingkan dengan kelompok KN, rata-rata BB kelompok T secara signifikan lebih rendah (p=0,014) dan rata-rata penurunannya lebih besar secara signifikan (p kurang dari 0,001). Demikian pula, rata-rata IMT dan kandungan lemak kelompok T secara signifikan lebih rendah dan penurunan rata-rata kedua kelompok tersebut secara signifikan lebih besar dibandingkan dengan kelompok KN (p kurang dari 0,001). Oleh karena itu, kombinasi EDB dan EDT dapat digunakan sebagai pengobatan obesitas karena dapat menurunkan BB, IMT, dan kandungan lemak lebih baik daripada diet rendah kalori saja.


Health; Healthcare; Public Health; Star Fruit; Toddalia accuelata; Obesity; Belimbing manis; Obesitas


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