Blood Sugar Levels Regulation in Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Patients Through Diet Management

Iwan Shalahuddin(1*), Indra Maulana(2), Sandra Pebrianti(3), Theresia Eriyani(4)
(1) Fakultas Keperawatan Unpad
(2) Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Padjadjaran
(3) Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Padjadjaran
(4) Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Padjadjaran
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.30604/jika.v7i2.911

Abstract

Dietary compliance in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients plays an essential role in stabilizing blood glucose levels. In contrast, compliance develops a routine that helps patients follow a diet schedule. Family is one of the supporting factors to achieve the success of dietary compliance for DM patients. Family support is expected to help patients feel happy, raise their confidence in dealing with their illness and be eager to maintain their glucose levels. The method used in this literature review is a narrative review. The study to determine the appropriate interventions in regulating blood sugar in families with Type 2 Diabetes patients through diet management and which could be implemented within the family. The database used electronic data sources, namely PubMed, ScienceDirect and Sage Journal. In the article search results, there were ten journals as a result. The study results show that diet management in type 2 DM can reduce blood glucose levels. This intervention is considered effective in preventing and treating type 2 DM because it can help patients regulate their diet and daily nutritional intake. The recommended nutritional therapy of diabetic patients' dietary pattern includes a balanced nutritional calculation from carbohydrates, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, and low-fat milk is. Regulation of carbohydrate counts, total calories, carbohydrate exchange or experience-based estimation remains the primary strategy in achieving glycemic control.

 

Abstrak: Kepatuhan diet pada penderita diabetes melitus sangat berperan penting untuk menstabilkan kadar glukosa darah, sedangkan kepatuhan itu sendiri merupakan suatu hal yang penting untuk dapat mengembangkan rutinitas yang membantu  penderita diabetes melitus dalam mengikuti jadwal diet. Untuk mencapai keberhasilan penderita diabetes melitus dalam menjalankan kepatuhan diet, salah satunya dengan faktor pendukung yaitu keluarga, dengan adanya dukungan dari keluarga diharapkan penderita akan merasa senang karena dengan dukungan tersebut akan menimbulkan kepercayaan dirinya dalam menghadapi penyakitnya dan bersemangat untuk menjaga kadar glukosanya. Metode yang digunakan dalam penulisan literature review ini adalah narrative review. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui intervensi yang applicable dalam mengatur gula darah pada keluarga dengan diabet Tipe 2 melalui manajemen diet dan dapat diimplementasikan dalam lingkup keluarga. Pencarian data menggunakan sumber data elektronik yaitu PubMed, Sciencedirect dan Sage Journal, kemudian ditemukan dari pencarian itu ada 10 jurnal. Manajemen diet pada penderita diabetes mellitus tipe 2 untuk menurunkan kadar gula dalam darah. Intervensi ini dipandang efektif sebagai pencegahan dan pengobatan terhadap diabetes mellitus tipe 2 karena dapat membantu pasien untuk mengatur pola makan dan asupan nutrisi sehari - hari. Pola diet yang dilakukan mencakup perhitungan nutrisi yang seimbang berasal dari karbohidrat, buah-buahan, sayuran, biji-bijian, kacang- kacangan, dan susu rendah lemak dianjurkan dalam terapi gizi pasien diabetes. Pengaturan jumlah karbohidrat, total kalori, pertukaran jenis karbohidrat atau estimasi berbasis pengalaman, tetap menjadi strategi utama dalam mencapai kontrol glikemia

Keywords


Kontrol Gula Darah; Management Diet; Pasien Diabetes Tipe 2; Therapi diet; Blood sugar control; Diet management; Type 2 diabetes patients; Diet therapy

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