Determinants of “Baduta” Stunting and Toddlers in Indonesia: Literature Review

Tika Yuliana(1*), Besral Besral(2)
(1) Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Indonesia
(2) Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.30604/jika.v7i3.906

Abstract

Stunting is a condition where a child's body is shorter than the normal size due to lack of nutrition, usually children who suffer from stunting are seen after 24 months of age. Stunting is still a case that must be considered given the high rate of stunting in children in Indonesia. The purpose of this literature review is to determine the determinants of the incidence of stunting in baduta and toddlers. The method used in this article is a literature review with a review of 13 articles that fall into the inclusion criteria. Search articles through three databases, they are Google Scholar, PubMed and JSTOR with the publication year 2017-2021. From the results of the review, it was found that the causes that were closely related to the incidence of stunting in baduta were exclusive breastfeeding, LBW and birth length and the independent variables that had a significant on stunting in toddlers were exclusive breastfeeding, consumption of vitamin Fe, nutrients containing energy, protein intake, complete basic immunization, complementary feeding, baby's birth weight, baby's birth length and consumption of vitamin D.

 

Abstrak: Stunting merupakan kondisi tubuh anak lebih pendek dari ukuran normal akibat dari pemenuhan gizi kurang, biasanya anak yang menderita stunting terlihat setelah usia 24 bulan. Stunting masih menjadi kasus yang harus diperhatikan mengingat tingginya angka stunting pada anak di Indonesia. Tujuan dari review literatur ini untuk mengetahui determinan terhadap kejadian stunting pada baduta  dan balita. Metode yang dipakai pada artikel ini adalah literature review dengan telaah dari 13 artikel yang masuk dalam kriteria inklusi. Penelusuran artikel melalui tiga database yaitu Google Scholar, PubMed dan JSTOR dengan tahun publikasi yaitu 2017-2021. Dari hasil review diperoleh penyebab yang berkaitan erat dengan kejadian stunting pada baduta adalah ASI eksklusif, BBLR dan Panjang lahir dan variabel independen yang memiliki signifikan berarti terhadap stunting pada balita meliputi konsumsi ASI secara eksklusif, konsumsi vitamin Fe, nutrisi zat yang mengandung energi, asupan protein, riwayat imunisasi dasar lengkap, makanan penyerta ASI, berat lahir bayi, panjang lahir bayi dan pemberian vitamin D.

Keywords


Stunting; Baduta; Balita; Toddlers

References


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