The Effect of Cardiac Patient Participation on The Rehabilitation Program: Literature Review

Heppy Ineke Hitipeuw(1*), Fitri Arofiati(2)
(1) Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
(2) Universitas Muhammadiya Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.30604/jika.v7i3.1174


The effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation based on home or early prevention programs, novelty, and diverse studies have proven the effectiveness of rehabilitation applications in reducing mortality, helping recuperation, enhancing excellent, and lowering side effects. This examination turned into conducted to discover the effectiveness and safety of cardiac primarily based on a domestic that cares combined rehabilitation packages in patients with slight-chance ischemic cardiopathology. The method used consists of database questions, and relevant articles using Ebsco, PubMed, and Proquest with keywords. Selection of articles used PRISMA Flowchart, data extraction, compiling, summarizing, and reporting the results. From the 136 articles with relevant titles and abstracts, 6 articles met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. It was found that three effects of heart patients' participation in home-based rehabilitation programs, which were supported by health workers to improve the patient's quality of life, namely changes in behavior, parameters and physical activity, and psychological disorders. The results of rehabilitation studies in various countries already had hospital and home-based rehabilitation programs and showed comfort and effectiveness in improving quality of life. The impact of the affected person’s participation in the rehabilitation program can improve the patient's pleasant existence, and increase cardiac energy potential wherein precise exercising time and restoration rates detected inside the first minute additionally indicated a better sickness analysis in sufferers with coronary artery disease.


Abstrak: Efektivitas rehabilitasi jantung berbasis rumah/program pencegahan sekunder bukanlah hal baru, Bermacam-macam studi penelitian telah menunjukkan efektivitas program rehabilitasi dalam mengurangi kematian membantu pemulihan, meningkatkan kualitas hidup, dan mengurangi efek samping. Penelitian ini untuk menganalisis efektivitas dan keamanan perawatan jantung berbasis rumah program rehabilitasi pengawasan campuran pada pasien dengan kardiopatologi iskemik pada tingkat sedang risiko kardiovaskular. Metode yang dilakukan terdiri dari identifikasi pertanyaan, identifikasi artikel relevan menggunakan database Ebsco, PubMed, dan Proquest dengan keyword. Seleksi artikel menggunakan PRISMA Flowchart, ekstraksi data, menyusun, meringkas dan melaporkan hasil. Dari 136 artikel relevan judul dan abstrak, didapatkan 6 artikel memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi. Terdapat tiga efek partisipasi pasien jantung terhadap program rehabilitasi berbasis rumah, yang didukung tenaga kesehatan meningkatkan kualitas hidup pasien yaitu perubahan perilaku, parameter dan aktivitas fisik, dan gangguan psikologis. Hasil penelitian menjalani program rehabilitasi di berbagai negara sudah banyaknya program rehabilitasi berbasis rumah sakit dan rumah dan menunjukkan kesamaan efektifitas dalam meningkatkan kualitas hidup. Efek partisipasi pasien jantung terhadap program rehabilitasi dapat meningkatkan kualitas hidup pada pasien, meningkatkan kapasitas daya tahan jantung dimana waktu latihan yang lebih baik dan tingkat pemulihan yang terdeteksi pada menit pertama juga menunjukkan prognosis kelangsungan hidup yang lebih baik pada pasien dengan penyakit jantung koroner.


Patient Participation Effect; Respondent Participation; Impact Participant; Participation Effect; Rehabilitation Program; Recovery Program


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