Personal Cleanliness for Children with Specific Needs: Scoping Review

Rifka Purnamawati(1*), Zahroh Shaluhiyah(2), Antono Suryoputro(3)
(1) Universitas Diponegoro (Undip)
(2) Diponegoro University (UNDIP)
(3) Diponegoro University (UNDIP)
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.30604/jika.v7i3.1177

Abstract

The increasing number of children with specific needs is one of worlds current issue. Children with specific needs face various health issue, have limitations, emotional and behavioral delays, limited intellectual development, and also little participation at school or social activity. Those issues leads to children's self-reliance, which one of them is personal cleanliness social support such as family support is needed by children with specific needs so they are able do their personal cleanliness. This study aims to learn about how to care personal cleanliness of children with specific needs. This study uses scoping review methods. The author use Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT, or AND NOT) to trace the journal in conjunction with the keyword "personal hygiene" AND "children with specific needs" as for inclusion criteria journal must already indexed by Scopus at least Sinta 4 journal and in range of year 2017 until 2022. The conclusion of this study is there are high correlation between family support and the personal cleanliness of children with specific needs in 11 (eleven) analyzed publications. Children with specific needs have complex issue in personal cleanliness so they needs support from their family, including their parents or kinsman and needs specific formula in their personal cleanliness education.

 

Abstrak: Meningkatnya jumlah anak berkebutuhan khusus merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan yang dihadapi sekarang ini. Anak berkebutuhan khusus menghadapi berbagai masalah kesehatan, keterbatasan, keterlambatan perilaku dan emosional, keterbatasan perkembangan intelektual, serta kurangnya partisipasi dalam kegiatan masyarakat dan sekolah. Isu-isu tersebut mengarah pada kemandirian anak, salah satunya dalam kebersihan diri. Dukungan sosial seperti bantuan dari keluarga diperlukan agar anak berkebutuhan khusus dapat melakukan kebersihan diri sendiri. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui gambaran perawatan kebersihan diri anak berkebutuhan khusus Metode yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah scoping review. Pelacakan jurnal dengan Operator Boolean (AND, OR, NOT, or AND NOT) dengan kata sandi “personal hygiene” AND “children with specific needs”. Adapun kriteria inklusi rentang tahun 2017-2022 terindeks scopus dan minimal jurnal sinta 4. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah ada hubungan yang kuat antara dukungan keluarga dan kebersihan pribadi untuk anak berkebutuhan khusus dalam 11 makalah yang ditinjau.  Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah anak berkebutuhan khusus memiliki masalah yang kompleks dalam kebersihan diri sehingga memerlukan bantuan dari keluarganya, baik itu dari orang tua maupun kerabat dekatnya serta memerlukan formula tertentu dalam pendidikan kesehatan kebersihan diri.

Keywords


Family Support; Personal Cleanliness; Specific Needs Children

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