Effects of Health Coaching on Self-Care and HBA1C in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Literature Review

Fatimah Wahab Aliun(1), Fitri Arofiati(2*)
(1) universitas muhammadiyah yogyakarta (UMY)
(2) Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta (UMY)
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.30604/jika.v7i4.1109


Health coaching is one approach to change the behavior of patients who have type 2 diabetes mellitus problems. Behavior change can increase HbA1C and have a positive impact on the management of T2DM. This paper aims to determine the effect of health coaching on self-care and HbA1C in type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study uses a systematic review method on three databases: PubMed, ProQuest, and ScienceDirect. Articles were selected according to predetermined criteria, namely the time of publication in 2015-2021, had full text, in English with the keywords Health Coaching OR Mentoring AND Self-Care AND HbA1C AND Diabetes Mellitus. The results of the article search obtained a total of 295 articles which were then reviewed using the PRISMA systematic flow diagram, so that the final results were 5 articles that met the requirements for analysis. The analysis of this article review uses JBI's critical appraisal. Results Five articles that deserve to be analyzed, that is 4 articles that state that health coaching can be an effective and efficient program for changing self-management behavior by doing physical activity and monitoring blood sugar. And 1 article states that with the help of health coaching patients can determine health goals and carry out a healthy lifestyle. Health coaching can be an effective and flexible program for behavior change and can be implemented through clinical and community regulations.


Abstrak: Health coaching merupakan salah satu pendekatan untuk mengubah perilaku pasien yang memiliki masalah diabetes mellitus tipe 2. Perubahan perilaku dapat meningkatkan HbA1C dan memiliki dampak positif dalam manajemen DMT2. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh health coaching terhadap self-care dan HbA1C pada diabetes mellitus tipe 2. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode tinjauan sistematis pada tiga database: PubMed, ProQuest, ScienceDirect. Artikel dipilih sesuai dengan kriteria yang telah ditetapkan yaitu waktu publikasi tahun 2015-2021, memiliki teks lengkap, berbahasa inggris dengan kata kunci Health Coaching OR Mentoring AND Self-Care AND HbA1C AND Diabetes Mellitus. Hasil penelusuran artikel didapatkan total 295 artikel yang kemudian dilakukan review menggunakan alur sistematis diagram PRISMA, sehingga didapatkan hasil akhir 5 artikel yang memenuhi syarat untuk di analisis. Analisis review artikel ini menggunakan critical appraisal JBI. Hasil lima artikel yang layak di analisis yaitu 4 artikel yang menyatakan bahwa health coaching dapat menjadi program yang efektif dan efisien terhadap perubahan perilaku manajemen diri dengan melakukan aktivitas fisik dan pemantauan gula darah. Dan 1 artikel menyatakan bahwa dengan bantuan health coaching pasien dapat menentukan tujuan kesehatan serta melakukan gaya hidup sehat. Health coaching dapat menjadi program yang efektif dan fleksibel untuk mengubah perilaku dan dapat diimplementasikan melalui peraturan klinis maupun komunitas.


Health coaching; Self-care; HbA1C; Diabetes mellitus


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