Fetal Reposition Using Ball Throwing Biomechanics and Body Mechanics For Pregnant Women

Wita Asmalinda(1*), Nurul Komariah(2)
(1) Poltekkes Kemenkes Palembang Jurusan Kebidanan
(2) Poltekkes Kemenkes Palembang
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.30604/jika.v8i1.1893

Abstract

The risk to the mother and fetus will be increased in the case of a breech presentation than if the fetus is in a cephalic presentation. Intrauterine fetal repositioning is also influenced by physical forces acting on the fetus and uterus. This study aimed to determine the effect of the biomechanics of throwing the ball and body mechanics on the repositioning of the fetus in pregnant women. This type of research is an experimental study of benefit testing, with no comparison group (pre-test and post-test without control group design). This research was conducted in 5 Midwife Independent Practice Places in Palembang City for seven months. The length of treatment is for 14 days. The research sample was 30 third-trimester pregnant women with breech presentation, who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The statistical analysis used in this study is the Mc test. Nemar. There was a significant effect on fetal repositioning before and after treatment with ball-throwing biomechanics and body mechanics with a p-value of 0.0001. It was concluded that the biomechanics of throwing the ball and body mechanics affected the repositioning of the fetus from breech presentation to head presentation.

 

Abstrak: Resiko terhadap ibu dan janin akan mengalami peningkatan pada kasus presentasi bokong dibandingkan jika janin berada pada presentasi kepala. Reposisi janin intra uterin dipengaruhi juga oleh gaya fisik yang bekerja pada janin dan uterus. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh biomekanik teknik lempar bola dan body mekanik terhadap reposisi janin pada ibu hamil. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian eksperimental uji manfaat, dengan tanpa kelompok pembanding (pre-test and pos-test without control group design). Penelitian ini dilakukan di 5 Tempat Praktik Mandiri Bidan Kota Palembang selama 7 bulan. Lama perlakuan adalah selama 14 hari. Sampel penelitian adalah 30 ibu hamil trimester tiga dengan presentasi bokong, yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi. Analisis statistik yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah uji Mc. Nemar. Ada pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap reposisi janin sebelum dan setelah diberikan perlakuan biomekanika lempar bola dan body mekanik dengan nilai P-value sebesar 0.0001. Disimpulkan bahwa Biomekanika lempar bola dan Body mekanik berpengaruh terhadap reposisi janin dari presentasi bokong menjadi presentasi kepala.

Keywords


Biomechanics; Throw ball; Mechanical body; Fetal reposition

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