Description of Nurse Perceptions Regarding Anthropometric Shoes Based on Characteristics of Shoe Selection

Nita Fitria(1*), Kusman Ibrahim(2), Setiawan Setiawan(3), Tertianto Prabowo(4), Aditya M Salya(5), Kintan Komala(6), Putri Karisa(7), Tati Sumarni(8), Aprilia Aulia Ardianti(9)
(1) Universitas Padjadjaran
(2) Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Padjadjaran
(3) Medical Faculty, Universitas Padjadjaran
(4) Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Department Hasan Sadikin General Hospital/ Medical Faculty, Universitas Padjadjaran
(5) Management and Business Department, Faculty of Economic and Business, Universitas Padjadjaran
(6) Professional Nursing Program, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Padjadjaran
(7) Bachelor Nursing Program, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Padjadjaran
(8) Professional Nursing Program, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Padjadjaran
(9) Professional Nursing Program, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Padjadjaran
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.30604/jika.v8i1.1671


Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) occur more frequently in nurses than other health workers. Choosing the right shoes is very important for nurses to reduce the risk of foot injuries and problems with the musculoskeletal system. This study aims to identify nurses' perceptions of anthropometric shoes based on the characteristics of shoe selection. Methods: The research design uses quantitative methods with quantitative descriptive research types. The population in this study was 135 nurses at Dr Hasan Sadikin General Hospital. Using a proportional stratified random sampling technique, a sample of 100 nurses was obtained. Results: Results of the study show the basic shape criteria were 93 nurses (93%) choosing the right size, judging by the comfort criteria, 80 nurses (80%) chose the light weight of the shoes, 80 nurses (80%) chose the shoes to fit in the shoe safety criteria, 73 nurses (73%) chose shoes that have a function in various weather conditions and shoe resistance during activities, shoes that can be used many times were chosen by 90 nurses (90%) on the criteria for environmentally friendly shoes and 68 nurses (68%) chose shoes with standard prices. Conclusions: Nurses' perceptions of anthropometric shoes are based on the characteristics of selecting nurse shoes based on basic shapes that fit are comfortable, lightweight, safe, function in various weather conditions, are resistant to various activities, can be used repeatedly, are environmentally friendly, and have affordable prices. Based on the characteristics of the shoes, most nurses choose the basic shape of the shoes that fit.


Abstrak: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) banyak terjadi pada perawat dibandingkan tenaga kesehatan lainnya.  Pemilihan sepatu yang tepat sangat penting dilakukan oleh perawat guna mengurangi resiko cedera pada kaki dan timbulnya masalah pada sistem muskuloskeletal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi persepsi perawat tentang sepatu antropometri berdasarkan karakteristik pemilihan sepatu. Metode: Rancangan penelitian menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan jenis penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah 135 perawat pelaksana RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung. Sampel 100 perawat diambil menggunakan teknik proportional stratified random sampling. Hasil: Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan  kriteria bentuk dasar sebanyak 93 orang perawat (93%) memilih ukuran yang pas, dilihat dari kriteria kenyamanan sebanyak 80 orang perawat (80%) memilih berat ringannya sepatu, 80 orang perawat (80%) memilih sepatu harus fit/ pas dalam kriteria keamanan sepatu, sebanyak 73 orang perawat (73%) memilih sepatu yang memiliki fungsi pada kondisi beragam cuaca dan ketahanan sepatu saat beraktifitas, sepatu yang dapat digunakan berkali-kali dipilih 90 orang perawat (90%) pada kriteria sepatu ramah lingkungan dan 68 orang perawat (68%) memilih sepatu dengan harga standar. Kesimpulan: Persepsi perawat mengenai sepatu antropometri berdasarkan karakteristik pemilihan sepatu perawat berdasarkan bentuk dasar yang pas, nyaman, ringan, aman, berfungsi dalam berbagai kondisi cuaca , tahan terhadap berbagai  aktivitas, dapat dipakai berulang kali,ramah lingkungan dan memiliki harga yang terjangkau. Berdasarkan karakteristik sepatu, sebagian besar perawat memilih bentuk dasar sepatu yang sesuai atau pas.


Karakteristik pemilihan sepatu; Persepsi perawat; Sepatu antropometri; Anthropometric shoes; Characteristics of shoe selection; Nurse perceptions


Almirza, A. (2016). Peran Perawat dalam Pelaksanaan Program Perawatan Kesehatan Masyarakat (Perkesmas) di Puskesmas Sukowono Kabupaten Jember (Doctoral dissertation, UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH JEMBER).

Anderson J, Williams AE, Nester CJ: A narrative review of musculoskeletal problems of the lower extremity and back associated with the interface between occupational tasks, feet, footwear and flooring. Musculoskeletal Care 2016; doi:10.1002/msc.1174

Basford, J.R., Smith, M.A. (1988). Shoe insole in the workplace. Orthopedics 11, 285–288

Bergan JJ, Schmid-Schönbein GW, Smith PDC, Nicolaides AN, Boisseau MR, Eklof B. Chronic venous disease. N Engl J Med. 2006:488–98

Burgess, S., Jordan, C., Bartleet, R.M. (1997). The in?uence of a small insert in the footbed of a shoe upon plantar pressure distribution. Clin. Biomech. 12, s5–s6

Cambron JA, Duarte M, Dexheimer J, Solecki T. Shoe orthotics for the treatment of chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled pilot study. J Manip Physiol Ther. 2011;34:254–60

Chiu, M. C., & Wang, M. J. (2007). Professional footwear evaluation for clinical nurses. Applied ergonomics, 38(2), 133–141.

Corley, A. G., Thornton, C. P., & Glass, N. E. (2016). The Role of Nurses and Community Health Workers in Confronting Neglected Tropical Diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 10(9), 1–24.

Crilly, N, Moultrie, J and Clarkson, P J (2004) Seeing things: consumer response to the visual domain in product design. Design Studies, 25(6), 547-577

Gell N, Werner RA, Hartigan A, Wiggermann N, Keyserling WM. Risk factors for lower extremity fatigue among assembly plant workers. Am J Ind Med. 2011;54:216–23

Haddad, L. M., & Toney-Butler., P. A. T. J. (2022). Nursing Shortage. StatPearls Publishing LLC.

Hajaghazadeh, M., Minaei, R. E., & Allahyari, T. (2018). Anthropometric Dimensions of Foot in Northwestern Iran and Comparison with Other Populations. 7(3).

Halim I, Omar AR. A review on health effects associated with prolonged standing in the industrial workplace. International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Science. 2011;8:14–21.

Hillstrom, H.J., Whitney, K., McGuire, J. (1996). Biomechanical assay of specially designed insole for plantar fasciitis/heel spur syndrome. Gait Posture 4, 167–208.

Irzma?ska E, Dutkiewicz JK, Irzma?ski R. New approach to assessing comfort of use of protective footwear with a textile liner and its impact on foot physiology. Text Res J. 2014;84:728–38.

Kersting UG, Janshen L, Bohm H, Morey-Klapsing GM, Bruggemann GP. Modulation of mechanical and muscular load by footwear during catering. Ergonomics. 2005;48:380–98

Kogler, G.F., Solomonidis, S.E., Paul, J.P., 1996. Biomechanics of longitudinal arch support mechanisms in foot orthoses and their effect on plantar aponeurosis strain. Clin. Biomech. 11, 243–252

Krishnan, K. S., Raju, G., & Shawkataly, O. (2021). Prevalence of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders: Psychological and Physical Risk Factors. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(17), 9361.

Lin CL, Wang MJ, Drury CG. Biomechanical, physiological and psychophysical evaluations of clean room boots. Ergonomics. 2007;50:481–96.

Mcdonald, S. M. (2011). Perception: A Concept Analysis. 1–18.

Meijsen P, Knibbe HJ. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders of perioperative personnel in the Netherlands. AORN J. 2007;86:193–208

Norlander A, Miller M, Gard G. Perceived risks for slipping and falling at work during wintertime and criteria for a slip-resistant winter shoe among Swedish outdoor workers. Safety science. 2015;73:52–61.

Orlando AR, King PM. Relationship of demographic variables on perception of fatigue and discomfort following prolonged standing under various flooring conditions. J Occup Rehabil. 2004;14:63–76.

Reed, L. F., Battistutta, D., Young, J., & Newman, B. (2014). Prevalence and risk factors for foot and ankle musculoskeletal disorders experienced by nurses. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 15(1), 1–7.

Riddle, D. L., Pulisic, M., Pidcoe, P., & Johnson, R. E. (2003). Risk factors for Plantar fasciitis: a matched case-control study. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, 85(5), 872–877.

Sánchez-Sáez, J. M., Palomo-López, P., Becerro-De-bengoa-vallejo, R., Calvo-Lobo, C., Losa-Iglesias, M. E., López-Del-amo-lorente, A., & López-López, D. (2019). Stability of three different sanitary shoes on healthcare workers: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(12), 1–15.

Sekizawa, K., Sandrey, M.A., Ingersoll, C.D. (2001). Effect of shoe sole thickness on joint position sense. Gait Posture 13, 221–228.

Stefanyshyn, D.J., Nigg, B.M., Fisher, V., (2000). The in?uence of high-heeled shoes on kinematics, kinetics, and muscle EMG of normal female gait. J. Appl. Biomech. 16, 309–319

Stolt, M., Miikkola, M., Suhonen, R., & Leino-Kilpi, H. (2018). Nurses’ Perceptions of Their Foot Health: Implications for Occupational Health Care. Workplace Health and Safety, 66(3), 136–143.

Tariah, Hashem Abu; Nafai, Said; Alajmi, Mutrik; Almutairi, Fahad; Alanazi, Badr (2020). Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in nurses working in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Work, 65(2), 421–428. doi:10.3233/WOR-203094

Tojo, M., Yamaguchi, S., Amano, N., Ito, A., Futono, M., Sato, Y., … Ohtori, S. (2018). Prevalence and associated factors of foot and ankle pain among nurses at a university hospital in Japan: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Occupational Health, 60(2), 132–139.

Vieira, E. R., & Brunt, D. E. N. I. S. (2016). Does wearing unstable shoes reduce low back pain and disability in nurses? A randomized controlled pilot study. Clinical Rehabilitation, 30(2), 167–173.

Wirentanus, L. (2019). Peran Dan Wewenang Perawat Dalam Menjalankan Tugasnya Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 38 Tahun 2014 Tentang Keperawatan. Media Keadilan: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 10(2), 148.

Yang, C., & Deng, W. (2022). User-satisfaction framework for the development of shoes for the elderly in fuzzy environment. Alexandria Engineering Journal.

Yasobant S, Rajkumar P. (2014). Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among health care professionals: A cross-sectional assessment of risk factors in a tertiary hospital, India. Indian J Occup Environ Med, 18(2):75.

Article Statistic

Abstract view : 350 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) views : 148 times

Dimensions Metrics

How To Cite This :


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.