Pengalaman Spiritualitas Pasien Kanker Payudara yang Menjalani Kemoterapi: Studi Fenomenologi Hermeneutik

Muhammad Arsyad Subu(1*), Ilit Puspita(2), Fery Fernandes(3), Vetty Priscilla(4), Edwin Adnil Nurdin(5)

(1) University of Sharjah; Universitas Binawan
(2) Rumah Sakit dr. Ernaldi Bahar, Palembang
(3) Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Andalas
(4) Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Andalas
(5) Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Andalas.
(*) Corresponding Author


Breast cancer is the highest percentage of cancers and the biggest of new cases and deaths among adult women. Until recently, little information is known from study results regarding spiritual experience of breast cancer patients who undergo chemotherapy. This study provides a deep understanding of spiritual experience among women with breast cancer who undergo chemotherapy. The purpose of this study is to obtain in-depth information about the spiritual experience of breast cancer patients who undergo chemotherapy in West Sumatera. Study design was a qualitative hermeneutic phenomenology. Fifteen participants participate in this research. Methods of data collection are in-depth interviews and field notes (field notes). Data Analysis method used an hermeneutic phenomenological approach by Diekelmann, Allen, and Tanner (1989). This research finds five main themes: (1) the vertical relationship with Allah Swt, (2) relationships with family, community and healthcare workers, (3) chemotherapy and spiritual activities, (4) patient's expectations related diseases and conditions,  and (5) resigned to accept the conditions or situation. Study finding can provide a contribution to nursing practice, education and research. Further researches are expected with a qualitative approach from the perspective of the family, or community health workers so see another perspective associated with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy. In addition, a quantitative research is needed to determine the next interventions for breast cancer patients.


Breast cancer; Chemotherapy; Spiritual Experience; Hermeneutic; Phenomenology


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